Always a Voice
UNDERSTANDING THE ISSUE:
Many children today are exposed to violence within their own homes, through the media, and in their surrounding neighborhoods.
The media is the leading source of exposure of violence for children. This includes violent content in video/computer games, television shows and movies. It is estimated that children witness 12,000+ acts of violence on average each year within their own homes--on their own devices/televisions/computers.
Millions of children witness domestic violence within their homes each year. Fifty percent of adult males who abuse their female partners will also abuse their children. Domestic violence does not discriminate. It occurs within all socio-economic backgrounds, religions, rural/urban areas, nationalities, races, cultural backgrounds, classes, sexual orientation, ages, and political standings.
Outside violence is an increasing threat for children. Although violence occurs in all realms of society, community violence is seen most often in urban settings.
ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EFFECTS (ACE) STUDY:
Childhood experiences, both positive and negative, have a substantial impact on a child's future. Much of the foundational research in this area has been referred to as
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs).
ACEs can be prevented--and addressed. Learn more.
Sexual violence survivors experience reduced income in adulthood as a result of victimization in adolescence, with a lifetime income loss estimated at $241,600(MacMillan, 2000). Sexual abuse interferes with women’s ability to work (Lyon, 2002).
Rohde, P., Ichikawa, L., Simon, G. E., Ludman, E. J., Linde, J. A. Jeffery, R. W., & Operskalski, B. H. (2008). Associations of child sexual and physical abuse with obesity and depression in middle-aged women. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 878– 887.
Dube, S. A., Anda, R. F., Whitfield, C. L., Brown, D. W., Felitti, D. J., Dong, M., & Giles, W. (2005). Long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse by gender of the victim. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28, 430 – 437.
Waldrop, A. E. Hanson, R. F., Resnick, H. S., Kilpatrick, D. G., Naugle, A. E., & Saunders, B. E. (2007). Risk factors for suicidal behavior among a national sample of adolescents: Implications for prevention. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20, 869 – 879.
Kendler, K., Bulik, C., Silberg, J., Hettema, J., Myers, J., & Prescott, C. (2000). Childhood sexual abuse and adult psychiatric and substance use disorders in women: An epidemiological and Cotwin Control Analysis. Archives of General Psychiatry, 57, 953-959.
Voeltanz, N., Wilsnack, S., Harris, R., Wilsnack, R., Wonderlich, S., Kristjanson, A. (1999). Prevalence and risk for childhood sexual abuse in women: National survey findings. Child Abuse and Neglect, 23, 579-592.
Sachs-Ericsson, N., Blazer, D., Plant, E. A., & Arnow, B. (2005). Childhood sexual and physical abuse and 1-year prevalence of medical problems in the National Comorbidity Survey. Health Psychology, 24, 32 – 40.
The ACE score, a total sum of the different categories of ACEs reported by participants, is used to assess cumulative childhood stress. Study findings repeatedly reveal a graded dose-response relationship between ACEs and negative health and well-being outcomes across the life course.
MORE INFORMATION COMING SOON!
*Foundation for Survivors of Abuse